Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Lithuania
Comprehensive guide to best cities, attractions, amazing architecture, UNESCO world heritage and pleasant touristic area..
1. Hill of Crosses
Pilgrimage destination about 12 km north of the city of Šiauliai, in northern Lithuania. The precise origin of the practice of leaving crosses on the hill is uncertain, but it is believed that the first crosses were placed on the former Jurgaičiai or Domantai hill fort. Over the centuries, not only crosses, but giant crucifixes, carvings of Lithuanian patriots, statues of the Virgin Mary and thousands of tiny effigies and rosaries have been brought here by Catholic pilgrims.
2.Vilnius Old Town
Political centre of the Lithuania between the 13th century and the end of the 18th century, Vilnius has had a profound influence on the cultural and architectural development of much of Eastern Europe. Despite invasions and partial destruction, it has preserved an impressive complex of Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Classical buildings as well as its medieval layout and natural setting – this was the primary justification for inscribing Vilnius Historical Centre on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994.
UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is a 98 kilometerlong, thin and curved sand dune spit. It separates the Curonian Lagoon with the Baltic Sea. The southernmost part of the spit lies within Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia and its northern part lies in southwestern Lithuania.
An island castle located in Trakai, Lithuania in Lake Galvė. The castle is sometimes referred to as „Little Marienburg”. The construction of the stone castle was begun in the 14th century by Kęstutis, and around 1409 major works were completed by his son Vytautas the Great. Trakai was one of the main centres of theGrand Duchy of Lithuania and the castle held great strategic importance.
5. St. Anne’s Church, Vilnius
Roman Catholic church in Vilnius Old Town, on the right bank of the Vilnia River. It is a prominent example of both Flamboyant Gothic and Brick Gothic styles. St. Anne’s is a one of most important and beautiful sights in the Old Town of Vilnius that enabled the district to be included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.
6. The museum of Genocide Victims
The most important part of the exhibition put on by the museum is the old NKVD/MGB/KGB prison that was established in the basement of the building in the autumn of 1940 after Lithuania‘s occupation by the Soviet Union. At that time, the prison contained 50 cells. Only at the beginning of the 1960s, when the anti-Soviet resistance was broken, were most of the cells used to house the KGB archives. The remaining 23 cells were still used for the imprisonment of dissidents and fighters for human rights.
7. Cathedral Square
Main square of the Vilnius Old Town, right in front of the neo-classical Vilnius Cathedral. It is a key location in city’s public life, situated as it is at the crossing of the city’s main streets and reflecting the city’s diversity. Regularly held at this site are fairs and gatherings of townspeople, military parades, religious and official public events, attractions and large concerts.
8. Saint Peter and Paul church in Vilnius
Roman Catholic church located in the Antakalnis neighbourhood of Vilnius. It is the former monastery complex of the Canons Regular of the Lateran. Its interior has masterful compositions of some 2,000 stucco figures by Giovanni Pietro Perti and ornamentation by Giovanni Maria Galli and is unique in Europe. The church is considered a masterpiece of Lithuanian Baroque.
9. Gediminas Tower
Tower is a remaining part of the Upper Castle in Vilnius, Lithuania. Gediminas’ Tower is an important state and historic symbol of the city of Vilnius and of Lithuania itself. It was depicted on the former national currency, the litas, and is mentioned in numerous Lithuanian patriotic poems and folk songs.
10. Ninth Fort
A difficult reminder of Lithuania’s Soviet occupation and Nazi crimes during World War II. That’s reconstructed prison Ninth Fort situated in Kaunas. The museum displays information and artifacts related to the genocide and holocaust period at the fort where over 50,000 people were executed, 30,000 of them Jews.